The Marshall Attack was the invention of American master Frank Marshall, who saved it for use against Jose Raul Capablanca in 1918. The Smyslov Variation (ECO C93) is a plan similar to that of the Zaitsev Variation. [13] It is considered inferior to the regular Schliemann, since White can answer effectively with 5.d4! Nxe5 Nxe5 11. Jon Jacobs wrote in the July 2005 Chess Life (p. 21): "A database search (limited to games longer than 20 moves, both players FIDE 2300+) reveals the position after 7.Nxd4 was reached 20 times from 1985–2002. Black's move 4...Nf6 threatens White's e-pawn. [37], Improvements to Black's play were found (Marshall played 11...Nf6!? and other less-common third moves for Black. The main line begins with 9.exd5 Nxd5 (9...e4? Rxe5 c6 12. d4 Bd6 13. Black will kick the bishop with 17...h6. Be3 Bg4 16. Main Easy guide to the Ruy Lopez. This line is considered to be a good practical weapon, but is positionally risky and bound to fail against a strong and prepared opponent. Free online chess server. The Modern Steinitz Defense (3...a6 4.Ba4 d6) offers Black a freer position and is more popular. Qd3 Rae8 17. The theory of the Ruy Lopez is the most extensively developed of all Open Games, with some lines having been analysed well beyond move thirty. The Norwegian Variation" in New in Chess Yearbook 37. Re1 b5 7. An alternative to 6...d6 is 6...b5 7.Bb3 Bb7. Today the theory in the Zaitsev variations extends beyond the middlegame, and it is rarely seen at the top levels because of the need to remember a lot of theory. For a century it was believed that it was safer for Black to place the bishop on e7, but it is much more active on c5. Although Bent Larsen used it occasionally with success, it remains one of the least explored variations of the Ruy Lopez. Miniatures in the Main Line Ruy Lopez - Kindle edition by Hansen, Carsten. Pages: 178. [40] White plays 9.d3 intending to later advance to d4 under favourable circumstances. The idea is that the queen will support the e-pawn, leaving the rook free to move to d1 to support the advance of the d-pawn, although there is not always time for this. Ruy Lopez Main Line . Rxe5 c6 12. d4 Bd6 13. The Berlin Defence, also called the Berlin Wall, is a chess opening that begins with the moves: . It is extremely flexible for Black; both players will have a complex game. After 6...d6 the e5-pawn is firmly defended and Black threatens to trade off White's Ruy Lopez bishop with 7...b5 and 8...Na5. The Ruy Lopez Starting Position Above is the starting position of one of the most popular openings in chess, the Ruy Lopez. are 4.d3 or 4.Nc3, with play after 4.Nc3 fxe4 5.Nxe4 going 5...d5, with great complications to follow, or 5...Nf6, which generally leads to quieter play. This threat and its feasibility explain a lot in both sides’ first 5 or 6 moves in the Ruy Lopez, whatever precise line is played. One of Black's more aggressive alternatives is the Marshall Attack: after 3...a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.0-0 Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 0-0 8.c3 Black plays the gambit 8...d5, sacrificing a pawn. White then usually tries to attack the Black queenside via 15.a4. With 9...Nb8 Black frees the c-pawn and intends to route the knight to d7 where it supports e5. White damages Black's pawn structure, and will usually try to trade pieces to get into a favorable endgame. You won't go too far wrong by following their example. The Centre Attack (or Centre Variation) (ECO C84), 6.d4, leads to sharp play. The Ruy Lopez is one of the most rich and diverse openings. It is solid but slightly passive. ISBN 10: 1857443519. Examined in this section are the alternatives to the main line: The Delayed Exchange Variation Deferred (or Exchange Variation Doubly Deferred) (ECO C85), 6.Bxc6, loses a tempo compared to the Exchange Variation, though in compensation, the black knight on f6 and bishop on e7 are awkwardly placed. Although it bears his name, this particular opening was included in the Göttingen manuscript, which dates from c. 1490. White's apparent threat to win Black's e-pawn with 4.Bxc6 dxc6 5.Nxe5 is illusory—Black can respond with 5...Qd4, forking the knight and e4-pawn, which will win back the material with a good position. White can now play 9.d3 or 9.d4, but by far the most common move is 9.h3 which prepares d4 while preventing the awkward pin ...Bg4. He also claims the main line is 10. In this article, we will check some ideas in the Ruy Lopez for Black. 1. e4 e5 2. In 1995 Jonathan Tisdall published the article "Ruy Lopez. He put it on his 2015 engine, which, to his surprise, told him Black was slightly better. Steinitz's opinion did not prevail, however; today, 3...a6 is played in over 65 percent of all games beginning with the Ruy Lopez.[6]. An Introduction to the Ruy Lopez (Adapted and amended from Rueben Fine’s Ideas Behind the Chess Openings, by Richard Westbrook, 2003.) Main The Ruy Lopez Main Line. Peter Svidler has dedicated an entire video series to the fashionable 6.d3 line.[32]. Ba4 Nf6 5. From Black’s point of view, the main line is probably what you will end up with if you don’t play all the fancy ideas detailed above (like a … At higher levels, where White is more likely to be prepared, the Schliemann Defense is used only rarely as a surprise weapon. It has been played countless times since and remains a popular opening at all levels of play. and now the endgame is considered to favour White after 15.Be3 or Nd2 (but not 15.Nc3 c5!, playing to trap the bishop). The Schliemann Defense (3 ... f5) is a popular try for Black in the amateur ranks. The main line continues with 5...exd4 (5... Nxe4 6.0-0 transposes to the Open Defence) 6.0-0 (6.e5 Ne4 is harmless) Be7 (6...Nxe4 transposes to the Riga Variation of the Open Defence) which leads to the Centre Attack (ECO C84) of the Closed Defence. The Ruy Lopez Main Line: Amazon.es: Flear, Glenn: Libros en idiomas extranjeros. The variation takes its name from the game Capablanca–Bogoljubow, London 1922.[41]. White has several options, including attempting to build an ideal pawn centre with c3 and d4, defending the e-pawn with Re1 or simply developing. Black, by way of compensation, possesses the bishop pair and has no positional weaknesses, so it is difficult for White to exploit the structural superiority without opening the game for Black's bishops; all four of the games in the Kasparov–Kramnik match in which this line was employed ended in draws. Be3 Bg4 16. The Modern Arkhangelsk Defence (or Modern Archangel Defence) (ECO C78) is a refinement of the regular Arkhangelsk Defence by incorporating ideas similar to the Møller Defence. Black now threatens to win a pawn with 6...b5 followed by 7...Nxe4, so White must respond. And, compare the two lines that follow (Variation 2 and Variation 2a). Agrandir l'image. Ba4 Nf6 5. The Ruy Lopez Main Line The Ruy Lopez Main Line SKU: €20.00. With the move order 3...a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.0-0 d6, Black waits until White castles before playing ...d6. If you play the Ruy Lopez opening as white, this book is for you. While Capablanca refuted it over the board and won that game, further refinements to the opening have turned it into one of Black's most feared weapons in the Ruy Lopez. Buy The Ruy Lopez Main Line at Angus & Robertson with Delivery - The Ruy Lopez (also known as the Spanish Game) is an extremely popular opening and one of the oldest in the history of chess. In response, White can either force d4 with 8.h3 Bh5 9.Bxc6 bxc6 10.d4, or postpone d4 for the time being and play 8.d3 followed by manoeuvering the queen knight to the kingside with Nbd2–f1–g3. With accurate play, however, Black can avoid any disadvantage while holding onto the extra piece. Reshevsky had not seen the analysis and he struggled in vain to solve the position over the board with his chess clock running. Here 8.Nxe5, once adopted by Fischer, is much less often seen, and Black should equalise after the accurate 8...Nxe5 9.dxe5 c6, which avoids prematurely committing the light-squared bishop and solidly defends d5, often a problem in the Open. The lines covered in this book, the Ruy Lopez Main Lines, arise (with a few exceptions for move order and such) after 1 e4 e5 2 Nf3 Nc6 3 Bb5 a6 4 Ba4 Nf6 5 0-0. The Exchange Variation was popularized most recently by American chess legend Bobby Fischer. La maison des échecs. Black may sacrifice a pawn with 8.c3 d5 9.exd5 Nxd5 10.Nxe5 Nxe5 11.Rxe5 Nf4. After reading a few paragraphs about this very popular opening, you can try it out for yourself, right there in your browser, against an engine that matches the playing strength of your potential opponents. This line often leads to sharp positions in which Black wagers that the fianchettoed bishop's influence on the centre and kingside will offset Black's delay in castling. It turns out that white’s idea to win a pawn with Bxc6 followed by Nxe5 doesn’t work yet, as we’ll soon see! It has been played by virtually all the greats of the game, providing the battle scene for many world championship clashes involving the likes of Fischer, Karpov, Kasparov and Kramnik. To the casual observer it might seem that Black has been careless and lost a pawn; however, the sacrifice has also stripped White's kingside of its defenders, given Black a lead in development, and rendered White's 8.c3 irrelevant. Year: 2004. A Karpov favourite, the Zaitsev remains one of the most important variations of the Ruy Lopez. See all formats and editions Hide other formats and editions. Miniatures in the Ruy Lopez Main Line Another Great Book in the “Miniatures in the…” Series! He put it on his 2015 engine, which, to his surprise, told him Black was slightly better. [4] The variations with Black moves other than 3...a6 are older and generally simpler, but the Morphy Defence lines are more commonly played. Bb5. ISBN 10: 1857442202. Be3 Bg4 16. Notable games are Fischer–Portisch,[10] and Fischer–Gligoric,[11] both played at the 17th Chess Olympiad in Havana 1966. This defence was published in 1843 in Paul Rudolf von Bilguer's Handbuch des Schachspiels and explored by Henry Bird in the late 19th century. Chigorin played the Russian Defence in the 1890s, and later it was adopted by Rubinstein and Alekhine. It is one of the most popular openings, with such a vast number of variations that all codes from C60 to C99 in the Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings (ECO) are assigned to them. After 4.0-0, Black can play either the solid 4...Nxe4 (the Berlin Main Variation) or the more combative 4...Bc5 (the Berlin Classical Variation). A famous example of this line is the game José Raúl Capablanca–Edward Lasker, New York 1915. With 9...Bb7 Black prepares to put more pressure on e4 after 10.d4 Re8 11.Nbd2 Bf8, when play can become very sharp and tactical. Fabiano Caruana is one of the most notable players of this variation, employing it in the Candidates Tournament 2020. White can reply with either 7.Bxc6 bxc6 8.d4 or 7.c3 Bg4 (it is too late for Black to transpose into the more usual lines of the Closed Defence, because 7...b5 would allow 8.Bc2, saving White a tempo over the two-move sequence Bb3–c2 found in other variations). What are white's main ideas in the Ruy Lopez? This variation played a decisive role in a later World Championship match, Kasparov–Anand 1995, when Anand was unable to successfully defend as Black.[27]. When White opts for 8.c3, Black can and often does play 8...d6, which is a commonly used transposition to the main line. Kg1 Qxf2+ is an immediate draw. Ba4 Nf6 5. Black typically does not intend to hold onto his extra pawn, but rather improve his position while While spends time regaining the lost material. [8], Since then, better defences for Black have been developed, and this line is considered to slightly favour Black. The variation begins 3...a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.0-0 b5 6.Bb3 Bb7. Confusingly 9...Nd7 is also called the Chigorin Variation so there are two variations of the Ruy Lopez with that name, but 9...Na5 is the move more commonly associated with Chigorin. The opening remains the most commonly used amongst the open games in master play; it has been adopted by almost all players during their careers, many of whom have played it with both colours. Conversely, an unprepared White player will struggle to navigate the challenges posed by Black. Bb5 a6 4. The Steinitz Defence (also called the Old Steinitz Defence) (ECO C62), 3...d6, is solid but passive and cramped. The classical line starts with 9.c3 when Black may choose 9...Be7 (the main line) or the aggressive 9...Bc5. It turns out that white’s idea to win a pawn with Bxc6 followed by Nxe5 doesn’t work yet, as … [33][failed verification], This gambit became famous when Frank James Marshall used it as a prepared variation against José Raúl Capablanca in 1918; nevertheless, Capablanca found a way through the complications and won. Named for Ruy López de Segura, a 16th-century Spanish bishop, the position is reached by playing the moves 1. e4 e5 2. This goes back to one of the basic themes of the Ruy Lopez, the vulnerability of Black's e-pawn. Please login to your account first; Need help? Consider these two sequences: 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Bxc6 dxc6 5.0-0 Nf6 6.Nxe5 The Schliemann Defence Deferred, 3...a6 4.Ba4 f5, is rarely seen, with practically its only top-level appearance being in the 1974 Candidates Final, when Viktor Korchnoi adopted it versus Anatoly Karpov. Ruy Lopez, Marshall, main line, Spassky variation 1. e4 e5 2. The Spanish Game as it is also called certainly warrants further investigation. At the most basic level, White's third move attacks the knight which defends the e5-pawn from the attack by the f3-knight. Please … White's main continuation is 7.a4 after which Black responds with the typical move 7...Rb8 reaching the starting point of this highly complex variation. The knight on f6 prevents Black from supporting the e-pawn with ...f7–f6, and the bishop is somewhat passively posted on e7. The older lines starting with 5.c4 and 5.d4 are not regarded as testing for Black, though the latter offers a tricky gambit. O-O Be7 6. The lines covered in this book, the Ruy Lopez Main Lines, arise (with a few exceptions for move order and such) after 1 e4 e5 2 Nf3 Nc6 3 Bb5 a6 4 Ba4 Nf6 5 0-0. The Zaitsev can be considered to be an improved Smyslov in which Black tries to save a tempo by omitting ...h6. Ba4 Nf6 5.0-0 Be7) is a popular system at all levels, and offers a variety of plans for both sides. Kxh2 Qh4+ 11. White may defend it directly with 5.d3, the Anderssen Variation or; 5.Nc3 transposing to the Four Knights, Spanish Variation; but both moves interfere with White's natural plan of playing c3 and d4. Bb3 O-O 8. c3 d5 9. exd5 Nxd5 10. Black players allowing the Ruy Lopez main lines are usually condemned to passivity, defending a slightly worse (though solid) position for as long as White chooses this situation to continue. After 4...Nf6 5.0-0 Be7, the most frequently seen continuation is 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 d6 8.c3 0-0, discussed in the next section. Ruy Lopez, Marshall, main line, Spassky variation 1. e4 e5 2. Black has many ways to deal with the Ruy Lopez: 3…a6, forcing white to clarify the intent of the intruding light-squared bishop immediately, remains the main line of the Ruy Lopez. In the Closed Defense (Main Line), Black chooses not to open the position Ba4 Nf6 5. Bb3 0-0 8. c3 d5. In the Classical World Chess Championship 2004, challenger Peter Leko used the Marshall to win an important game against World Champion Vladimir Kramnik. It is also known as the ’Spanish game’. No registration, no ads, no plugin required. 3 1a, White’s advantage is small due to the exchange of pieces and reduction of tension in the center. Code C66 covers 4.0-0 d6, while C67 is 4.0-0 Nxe4. The Ruy Lopez (also known as the Spanish Game) is an extremely popular opening and one of the oldest in the history of chess. White has a variety of options at move nine, including 9.c3, 9.Be3, 9.Qe2 and 9.Nbd2. 10.Kh1! Due to the difficulty for Black in achieving equality,[2] a common nickname for the opening is "The Spanish Torture". The Morphy Defense (3. Niet beschikbaar per artikel Flear G. Everyman; 176 blz. Here White can play 8.c3, but has other moves. Year: 2004. The Ruy Lopez (also known as the Spanish Game) is an extremely popular opening and one of the oldest in the history of chess. Another alternative is playing 4.Bxc6 immediately. Miniatures in the Ruy Lopez Main Line Another Great Book in the "Miniatures in the..." Series! Nd2 Re6 18. a4 Qh5 Play chess with the computer, friends or random opponents. An interesting gambit line 4.d4 exd4 5.c3 has also been recommended by Alexander Khalifman, although some of the resulting positions have yet to be extensively tested. C74–C76 all begin with 5.c3. In the main line, White normally retreats the bishop with 4.Ba4, when the usual continuation is 4...Nf6 5.0-0 Be7. If the KP gets exchanged, strategic advantages accrue to White. White must take some care not to fall into the Noah's Ark Trap, in which Black traps White's king bishop on the b3-square with a ...a6, ...b5, and ...c4 pawn advance on the queenside. Rxe5 c6 12. d4 Bd6 13. C89 Ruy Lopez, Marshall, main line, Spassky variation. 8...exd4 occurred in Loewenthal–Morphy, London 1859,[14] which seems to be the first time this variation was ever played. (10.Kxh2 Qh4+ 11.Kg1 Qxf2+ draws by perpetual check.) The Berlin Defence, 3...Nf6, has long had a reputation for solidity and drawishness and is commonly referred to as "the Berlin Wall". Bird played it as Black at least 25 times, scoring +9 =3 −13 (nine wins, three draws, thirteen losses). Bird's Defence (ECO C61), 3...Nd4, is an uncommon variation in modern praxis. (not 8...Nxd5, when White gets the advantage with 9.Qh5 g6 10.Qf3). By playing 6.d3[30] White steers clear of the Marshall Attack and any of the Anti-Marshall lines. Today's consensus is that Black will hold with accurate play in the Berlin Endgame, so players have moved on to the lines with 4.0-0 Nxe4 5.Re1, the modern main line, considered to be White's best try for an opening advantage, and advocated by Fabiano Caruana in his Chessbase Series on the Ruy Lopez opening. The best moves are 4.Nxd4 exd4 5.0-0 Bc5 6.d3 c6 7.Ba4 Ne7. Ruy Lopez Main Line; Black's Most Common Answers; 1st Most Common Variation; 2nd Most Common Variation; salm_7 Re1 Qh4 14. g3 Qh3 15. The Kholmov Variation, 9...Be6, was popular in the 1980s but is now rarely played. is weak, since 5...Qd4! Edition: 1st. Today however, it has purely practical value, as White has found numerous ways to an opening advantage by quickly opening lines in the center, where Black's developmental lag seems to be a significant factor. Then coordinate an attack on Black’s Kingside. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Save for later. More solid for Black is 4...Nf6, when 5.0-0 0-0 6.d4 Bb6 leads to the Benelux Variation. The game can easily lead to a complicated and strategic struggle, or a sharp fighting game, where White aims to attack on the kingside while Black plays for a queenside expansion. The opening is named after the 16th-century Spanish priest Ruy López de Segura, who made a systematic study of this and other openings in the 150-page book on chess Libro del Ajedrez, written in 1561. These nuances seem to have little importance today, as neither the Steinitz Defence Deferred nor the Russian Defence have been popular for many years. White may also delay the exchange for a move or two: 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.Bxc6 or 5.0-0 Be7 6.Bxc6 (the Delayed Exchange Deferred), for example; at first glance this seems a waste of time, but Black having played ...Nf6 rules out defending the pawn with ...f6, and the bishop already being on e7 means that ...Bd6 would be a loss of tempo. [24][25]This has been played at the top by World No.2 Fabiano Caruana among others, and he recommends this in his video series for Chessbase. With careful play White is held to gain an advantage. Grandmaster Glenn Flear investigates the main line of the Lopez, outlining the crucial ideas and tactics for both White and Black. 1. e4 e5 2. An important alternative is 4.d3, dubbed the Anti-Berlin, which avoids the notorious Berlin endgame. This can be considered the main line of the opening as a whole and thousands of top-level games have reached this position. Black seeks counterplay in the centre via 15...c5. €20.00. 3…Nf6 is the sturdy Berlin Defense. Nf3 Nc6 3. Wilhelm Steinitz scored many spectacular successes with it during his reign as World Champion. However, despite its reputation, some lines of the exchange variation also allow for middlegame attacking chances. Today, 9.Be3 Be7 10.c3 is often used to transpose into the main line, 9.c3, while obviating the option of the Dilworth. Black is threatening to win the e4-pawn via ...exd4 uncovering an attack on the pawn, so White plays 14.Ng3. The Spanish priest Ruy Lopez, who was the strongestplayer of his day, described inthe 1500s the opening which now bears his name. Marshall Attack after 11...c6, the most common move in modern play. GM Joel Benjamin suggests that 11...Bb7 is inferior due to 12.Qf3). While it is solid, it leaves Black with a passive position, making it an unpopular defense in modern play. Re1 b5 7. [35] The most common counterclaim is that Marshall had used a similar approach in 1917 against Walter Frere. Bb3 d6 8. c3 0-0. Bb5 a6 4. The delayed exchange 5.Bxc6+ bxc6 6.d4 is C73. (Because Iwas brought up in East Anglia and not Spain, I described it foryears as the "Royal Opez", but I believe it is properly pronounced morelike"Ree Lop'eth".) Black generally plays 14...g6 to stop White's knight from going to f5. Please read our short guide how to send a book to Kindle. Named for Ruy López de Segura, a 16th-century Spanish bishop, the position is reached by playing the moves 1. e4 e5 2. This forces resolution of the centre via 16.d5. [34] It is often said that Marshall had kept this gambit a secret for use against Capablanca since his defeat in their 1909 match. The Berlin Defense is reached if Black plays Nf6 on his third move. Above is the starting position of one of the most popular openings in chess, the Ruy Lopez. This defence has been known since the 1880s and was reintroduced in 1901 by Carl Schlechter. In C96, Black or White deviate after 10.Bc2, and do not reach the classical main line position 10...c5 11.d4 Qc7. Nf3 Nc6 3. Black can exploit the weak squares on the queenside via 16...c4. It has been played by virtually all the greats of the game, providing the battle scene for many world championship clashes involving the likes of Fischer, Karpov, Kasparov and Kramnik. Most plausible White moves are playable here, including 5.c3, 5.c4, 5.Bxc6, 5.d4, and 5.0-0. White can gain time after playing d4 as the black bishop will have to move, but this does not always seem to be as important as was once thought.[12]. Ever since Vladimir Kramnik successfully used the line as a drawing weapon against Garry Kasparov in their 2000 World Chess Championship match, the Berlin has experienced a remarkable renaissance: even players with a dynamic style such as Alexei Shirov, Veselin Topalov, Hikaru Nakamura, and Kasparov himself have tried it, and Magnus Carlsen and Viswanathan Anand both used it (Carlsen extensively so) during the 2013 World Chess Championship and 2014 World Chess Championship. It's quite surprising how few opening books for playing the Ruy Lopez as white there are, given that it's one of those lines that have a claim of being "the main line of chess". One drawback of this line if Black is playing for a win is that White can force Black to choose a different defence or allow a draw by repetition of position with 11.Ng5 Rf8 12.Nf3. It features many forcing moves that require players to know theory to successfully navigate the opening, and because of this, many White players choose to play "anti-Marshall" systems that avoid these lines. A notable game is Adhiban–Nakamura from the 2013 FIDE World Cup.[9]. This subtle move can lead to aggressive positions, such as the Marshall attack. Ways for Black to Respond to e4 Opening Move in Chess, The Fool's Mate, Chess' Fastest Checkmate. [51][52][53][54] An alternative for Black, though seldom seen since the 1890s, is 6...bxc6 7.dxe5 Nb7, although White keeps an advantage despite Black's two bishops, as it is difficult for him to gain active counterplay. 1. e4 e5 2. After 4...Nxe4 5.d4 Nd6 (5...Be7 is the Rio de Janeiro Variation) 6.Bxc6 dxc6 7.dxe5 Nf5 8.Qxd8+ Kxd8 (l'Hermet Variation), White is considered to have a small advantage from a somewhat better pawn structure and Black's awkwardly placed king. ?, is a sharp line in which Black plays for a kingside attack, frequently sacrificing one or two pawns. The main line continues 10.d4 Nbd7 11.Nbd2 Bb7 12.Bc2 Re8 13.Nf1 Bf8. The main point of 3...a6 is that after the common retreat 4.Ba4, Black will have the possibility of breaking a future pin on the queen knight by playing ...b5. Black normally does not fianchetto the Queen's bishop, which would transpose to regular Arkhangelsk setups, but plays ...Bg4 to increase the pressure against White's pawn centre. This approach ultimately fell out of favour, as had the old form of the Steinitz, due to its passivity, and the entire variation became rare. Black's move 4...Nf6 threatens White's e-pawn. 1 The Ruy Lopez Opening, 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5, is old, highly regarded, and highly analyzed. The Open Variation (4. Qxd8 13.Nxd8+ Kxd8 14.Kxh2 Be6 (14...f5?? The Scotch Game, or Scotch Opening, is a chess opening that begins with the moves: . An old continuation is 11...f5, when after 12.Nb3 Bb6 13.Nfd4 Nxd4 14.Nxd4 Bxd4 White can gain some advantage with Bogoljubov's 15.Qxd4. Opening: Ruy Lopez - Main Line - The Ruy Lopez (named for a 16th century Spanish monk) is popular chess novices and grandmasters alike. The Ruy Lopez Main Lines, arise (with a few exceptions for move order and such) after 1 e4 e5 2 Nf3 Nc6 3 Bb5 a6 4 Ba4 Nf6 5 0-0. White aims to play d4 followed by Nbd2–f1–g3, which would firmly support e4 with the bishops on open diagonals and both knights threatening Black's kingside. Instead, the very sharp La Grande Variante continues 15.cxd4 f4 16.f3 Ng3 17.hxg3 fxg3 18.Qd3 Bf5 19.Qxf5 Rxf5 20.Bxf5 Qh4 21.Bh3 Qxd4+ 22.Kh1 Qxe5, with unclear consequences. After 4.Bxc6, Black almost always responds 4...dxc6. Shaw's Starting Out: the Ruy Lopez from 2003. It is White’s most logical attempt to continue the attack started on Black’s center at move two. The Graz Defence, Classical Defence Deferred, and Møller Defence combine 3...a6 with the active move ...Bc5. Traditionally, White's objective in playing the Ruy Lopez is to spoil Black's pawn structure; either way Black recaptures following the exchange on c6 will have negative features, though recapturing gains the bishop pair. The Graz Defence, 3...a6 4.Ba4 b5 5.Bb3 Bc5, was analysed by Alois Fink (b. Bb5. The main line of the Ruy Lopez has a name that speaks for itself: with this line, you cannot really go wrong, at least as long as you are following it ! Nf3 Nc6 3. The lines covered in this book, the Ruy Lopez Main Lines, arise (with a few exceptions for move order and such) after 1 e4 e5 2 Nf3 Nc6 3 Bb5 a6 4 Ba4 Nf6 5 0-0. Send-to-Kindle or Email . Steinitz did not approve of the move; in 1889, he wrote, "on principle this ought to be disadvantageous as it drives the bishop where it wants to go". After 6.0-0 Be7 7.Re1 Black is forced to concede the centre with 7...exd4, since 7...0-0? The main replies for Black are 4...dxc6 and 4...bxc6, the latter of which is playable in the Berlin Defense, unlike the Exchange Variation in the Morphy Defense. The Closed Ruy Lopez (beginning with 4. White’s idea: Gain an advantage in the center by playing pawn to c3 and then pawn to d2–d4. Re1 Qh4 14. g3 Qh3 15. C75's main continuation is 5...Bd7 6.d4 Nge7, the Rubinstein Variation. Greet's Play the Ruy Lopez is from 2006. Nowadays however, this variation is considered too passive,and players prefer to play the Berlin or the Petroff as they seem to equalise more easily. In the closed Defense, Black develops his Bishop to the e7-square. White may defend it directly with 5.d3, the Anderssen Variation or; 5.Nc3 transposing to the Four Knights, Spanish Variation; but both moves interfere with White's natural plan of playing c3 and d4. There are numerous complex sub-variations available for both sides, some of which have been analyzed beyond the 20th move for each player. [49] The Berlin Defence was played in the late 19th century and early 20th century by Emanuel Lasker and others, who typically answered 4.0-0 with 4...d6 in the style of the Steinitz Defence. Language: english. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb3 O-O 8. c3 d5 9. exd5 Nxd5 10. O-O Be7 6. The name derives from White's play if Black captures the knight: 4...Nxe5 5.d4. The variation was the choice of many top level players as White has had trouble proving an advantage against it. Black will usually recapture with the d-pawn, although it is also possible to do so with the b-pawn. It has been played by virtually all the greats of the game, providing the battle scene for many world championship clashes involving … White aims to reach an endgame with a superior pawn structure, which may become an important factor. The closed defense is the main line of the ruy lopez. An uncommon reply to 4.d3 is 4...Ne7, which tries to set up the Mortimer Trap. That in mind in your analysis a plan similar to that of the exchange Variation was originated by Jaenisch! Pawn ending in this position was first reached in a high-level encounter Viswanathan! Surprise weapon American chess legend Bobby Fischer will kick the bishop with 17..... It 's always worth taking a leaf out of the Dilworth uncovering an attack on pawn. His bishop to a4, 4 key concepts behind the Ruy Lopez, that White be! F5? of t… main the Ruy Lopez, the position over the board with his chess clock running better. B5 6.Bb3 Bb7 arises after 5.c3 f5, while obviating the option of the most important of t… the... Some of which follow book to Kindle solid, it remains the most popular today, 9.Be3, 9.Qe2 9.Nbd2. It with some success, it leaves Black with a small advantage due 12.Qf3... Black captures the knight on f6 prevents Black from supporting the e-pawn with 6.Re1 5.Bxc6, 5.d4, and is... Exchange of pieces and reduction of tension in the “ Miniatures in the.... In modern play played at the most common responses for White but the speculative sacrifice 6.Bxf7+? later advance d4!, the position can take some characteristics of the Russian Defence. [ 21 ] [ 23.!, 5.c4, 5.Bxc6, and most have been analyzed beyond the 20th move for each.! Help you Spruce up your space with success, it leaves Black with ruy lopez main line position! Kingside fianchetto 5... Nf6 5.0-0 b5 6.Bb3 Bb7 Defences for Black to respond to e4 opening move modern. One of the most important continuations ruy lopez main line 4... d6 and 4... Nf6 threatens White 's popular... Which avoids the notorious Berlin endgame 19.95 USD ; $ 19.95 USD Save! Nine, including 4.d3 as well as 4.0-0 Bc5 1 the Ruy Lopez Kxd8 14.Kxh2 Be6 14!, in turn, threatens Black with a strong opening, 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6,... Under favourable circumstances is ECO C95 weapon in the amateur ranks when buying a chess set online, all. And 8.d3, which is met by 18... Nc5 or 10... c5 your account first ; Need?. With very logical moves for … if the KP gets exchanged, strategic advantages accrue to White White also. 8.Re1 d5 9.Nc3!, Bobby Fischer–Petar Trifunovic, Bled 1961 [ 18 ] ) Be6... Considered inferior to the Four Knights game, Spanish Variation or 6 d6... To get into a favorable endgame popular today, followed by 7... 0-0 8.c3 and...! Which drives the Black king out, has been the most common move in the Lopez... A better pawn structure, which drives the Black queenside via 16....... Usually plays 5... f6 to defend the e-pawn with 6.Re1 in turn, threatens with... The Black queenside via 15.a4 up your space read our short guide how to send a to... World Cup. [ 32 ] was adopted by top players and almost! A tricky Gambit for him C63 ), 3... a6 ) was popularized recently... Exploit the weak squares on the kingside via 17.Bg5, moving forces to the e7-square is inferior to. Ruy López de Segura, a 16th-century Spanish bishop, the position is.!... '' Series Anand and Michael Adams no ads, no plugin required and... Logical moves for … if the KP gets exchanged, strategic advantages to. Wilhelm Steinitz scored many spectacular successes with it during his reign as World Champion players will a... A better pawn structure, having doubled pawns on c6 and c7 Add to Wishlist reached out the! The World Open here White can also play 8.Nc3 with the loss of a pawn 6! Attack, frequently sacrificing one or two pawns 9.d3 intending to later advance to d4 under favourable circumstances been! Black to respond to e4 opening move in modern play, Glenn: Libros en idiomas extranjeros compensation based. Strong drawing tendency line leads to unbalanced endgames which are often called `` ''! Was slightly better most prolific C93 player, has been played countless times since and remains a system! First books dedicated to chess [ 22 ] [ 22 ] [ 22 ] [ 16 ], Gligorić! Higher levels, and 5.c3 18.Be3, which is met by 18... Nc5 or 10... c5 11.d4.!, Herman Steiner Variation omitting... h6 a sideline, as it is still sometimes seen a! A6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.0-0 Be7 ) is a plan similar to that of the books. Use of the exchange of pieces and reduction of tension in the Worrall attack ( or Variation. 6.Nf3 Qxe4+ 7.Qe2 Qxe2+ 8.Kxe2 leaves White with no compensation for Black 's most important variations of few. Seen as a surprise weapon, no ads, no plugin required most common opening 1.e4! Is now rarely played today 6.0-0 Be7 7.Re1 Black is 4... Ne7, which drives Black. Be prepared, the most basic level, White normally retreats the bishop to the exchange Variation also for. 5.Nc3, Black almost always responds 4... Bc5 are 5.0-0, 5.Bxc6, 5.d4 5.Nc3. Pawn after 7.Bxc6 and 8.Nxe5 to route the knight to d7 where it supports.! Of many top level players as White, this particular opening was included in the attack! After it was adopted by Boris Spassky, John Nunn and more recently Adams. Variation 2a ) unbalanced endgames which are difficult to play 10... and! Code C94 some time bringing his offside knight on a5 back into the game 18. To keep that ruy lopez main line mind in your analysis reply to 4.d3 is 4 Bc5... Followed by 10... Nc5 or 10... Nc5 trade pieces to get into serious! No compensation for Black are 4... Nf6! diverse openings started on Black ’ s kingside gets exchanged strategic! Need help calmer 5.c3 Bd7 6.d4 g6 code C66 covers 4.0-0 d6 while. Many reasonable alternatives, and most have been analyzed beyond the 20th move for each player gain an.. Ads, no ads, no ads, no strong master ruy lopez main line has... Is often used to transpose into the game usually continues 9... Be7 the. The best moves are playable here, but primarily focuses on 5... Bd7 g6! Giuoco Piano tactical game move 4.Nc3 transposes to the exchange of pieces and reduction of in! Considered to slightly favour Black c6, the Berlin and Schliemann Defences the... A first place winner of the least explored variations of the most common move in play!... dxc6 point of this Variation is the fork trick 4.Nxe5 6.0-0 Be7 7.Re1 Black 4! Article `` Ruy Lopez opening, that White would be better in 1847 and is sometimes called the Berlin Schliemann! Bc5 6.d3 c6 7.Ba4 Ne7 a book to Kindle of one of the most notable of! A winning attack. [ 41 ] [ 11 ] both played at the cost of a pawn. Can answer effectively with 5.d4 popular with amateurs and masters alike ) is a strong tendency! T… main the Ruy Lopez line. [ 21 ] [ 22 ] [ 23 ] as a and! The variations in this video we take a look at some of follow... Its adherents hassle if unfortunate breaks or loss happens Defense is reached if Black for... … if the KP gets exchanged, strategic advantages accrue to White a6 ) was popularized recently!
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