Toxicity: All of over 1000 Begonia plants and their species are safe for humans. It can be challenging to find plants with colorful flowers that tolerate shady, low light conditions, bur tuberous begonias (Begonia x tuberhybrida) do this well. Tuberous begonias grow outdoors year-round in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 through 11, but also make good houseplants when given the correct light and some basic care. Watering: Keep the soil generally moist, letting the top half inch of soil dry out between watering. This post may contain affiliate links. The Planting Depth of Gloriosa Rothschildiana. Prized for their colorful, stunning foliage, rex begonias (Begonia rex-cultorum) prefer more shade than other begonias and thrive in part- to full-shade situations. The ideal temperature is between 50-85 degrees Fahrenheit. What Do I Do If My Tiare Gardenia Is Leggy? Most begonia varieties prefer partial shade and indirect sunlight. To know how to care for your begonia over the winter, you really need to know what kind of begonia you’re growing. The stems from a tuberous root-stock, and attain a height up to 18 inches (46 cm). Soil: Light, rich, humusy soil. Full shade is tolerated. Most begonia varieties prefer partial shade and indirect sunlight. Plants located in low light … This striking leaf color differentiates your begonia in the landscape. Hardy in USDA zones 10 to 12, the tender perennials do well with 4 to 6 hours of shade or more. Other sunlight stress signs include stunted growth and wilting. Flowers can be single or double, come in white, red, pink, salmon and red, and can resemble carnations, roses or camellias. Beefsteak Begonia light, location & temperature Light. Extra perlite in light potting soil will help with the begonia's need for proper drainage. Light requirements. Sunlight Requirements. Spreading mulch under your begonias also helps them retain the critical moisture for optimal root uptake. Soil For Your Beefsteak Begonia. Among the various types of begonias, the Begonia rex are some of the most beautiful and stunning plants. Most are grown as annuals in all other zones. A tuberous begonia does well in a hanging basket or pot, and works well suspended under a roof eave or on a covered porch or patio, where it gets shade and is protected from wind. Water: Water when the soil dries through the first half-inch, water thoroughly and let drain. Tuberous begonias bloom for the whole summer when given proper conditions. This plant makes attractive plants in the garden with its beautiful foliages that can bloom all year round. Because blossoms must endure warm conditions, your soil must remain moist for the best flowering -- soils amended with organic material help the ground retain enough water for thirsty begonias. If you do plant them outdoors, be sure to avoid direct sunlight. Scientific Name: Begonia maculata; Common Name: Polka Dot Begonia, Spotted Begonia, Trout Begonia; Light Requirements: Bright, indirect light. They are grown as annuals or as perennials in USDA zones 10 and 11. Most Begonias do best in light shade, though many types will tolerate some sunshine and some will continue to thrive in even shadier conditions. All tend to be bushy plants, with strongly veined, dark green leaves that are about 8 inches long. This specie needs high levels of humidity and does best in a terrarium. Each mature leaf is about 3 to 5 inches in size. Light: Bright, indirect light year-round. Above: Begonia rex ‘Red Tango’ mixes well with other shade- and humidity-loving plants such as asparagus ferns and geraniums. When growing angel wing begonias for the attractive foliage, flowers may not be desirable. They usually grow to a height of 12 to 18 inches and benefit from staking in their pot, although some varieties have trailing stems and make especially good choices for hanging planters. You should alter the plant's location, if possible, to keep it in a more shady position. Varying in blossom color, begonias also differ in root type, from storage tubers to stretching fibrous extensions. Light requirements are shade to partial shade. Annual begonia plants may be cut back before frost and used inside as a houseplant in winter. for the different species are taken … Water the plant regularly, keeping the soil evenly moist, to promote new growth. Unlike other begonias, tuberous begonias need winter dormancy, so you should reduce watering in fall, allowing the plant's top to die back naturally. Although you cannot repair the damaged leaves, new growth should slowly appear to rejuvenate the begonia. Light requirements. They frequently have large leaves (up to 6 inches long) that are brightly colored in various shades of green, red, silver, and even purple. Grown as a perennial in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 6 through 12, depending on the variety, the begonia genus (Begonia spp.) The roots of these beauties are not true bulbs, as the name tells you. Fibrous and rhizomatous begonias are easy to grow as house plants, but tuberous begonias need to be stored as bulbs over the winter, and hardy begonias should just be left outside. Provide lots of humidity. As sunlight strikes the foliage, wax begonias use the direct light for maximum photosynthesis, especially since they withstand heat stress and temporary drought well. Location A tuberous begonia grown as a houseplant prefers a spot that gets bright, indirect light, such as a few feet away from a window. Begonias use the strong summer sunlight for their main blooming period. INSIDE : Elegant Angel Wing Begonia Plant Care tips like their watering needs, light requirements and how they get those gorgeous polka dots! Begonia Amphioxus Care. Begonias are some of the easiest plants to grow in containers. If you maintain a potted, indoor begonia, place the container in an indirect sunlight position rather than forcing it to face a hot windowsill location. Fluorescent grow lights are also an excellent alternative to natural light for these plants, and in many cases will intensify the foliage colors. In fact, these varieties grow their best with some morning sunlight and dappled afternoon light -- you reduce heat stress with this garden arrangement. Begonia x semperflorens-cultorum: Light Requirements: Bright indirect light. Light Requirements for Begonia Maculata (Wightii) Angel wing begonias like bright light to thrive, but they need to be protected from direct sunlight. Her work has appeared in health, medical and scientific publications such as Endocrinology and Journal of Cell Biology. Begonias are thirsty plants, and during dry weather those in containers or baskets will need to be watered daily in the early morning or the evening. Higher light levels will promote strong growth and blooms, but avoid direct sunlight. The Begonia Amphioxus care requirements make it unsuitable for beginners. It can tolerate relatively low light as long as you adjust the watering schedule accordingly. Writing professionally since 2010, Amy Rodriguez cultivates successful cacti, succulents, bulbs, carnivorous plants and orchids at home. A tuberous begonia grown as a houseplant prefers a spot that gets bright, indirect light, such as a few feet away from a window. … Prefers partial shade and light, rich, moist and well-drained soils. Flowers: Light pinkish flowers grow to beautify the plant in spring and summer. Even Rex begonias (Begonia rex, hardy in USDA zones 10 through 12), with their decorative, swirling leaf designs, prefer a partial shade location. Begonias are great for containers because they love the light texture of potting mix. In fact, some varieties display leaf bleaching -- the deep green foliage turns yellowish-white. Instead of the typical deep green foliage hue, their leaves offer a brownish-yellow tint. They make up a large group of plants that grow and bloom profusely in low light conditions, producing large, waxy flowers in many colors. She has also published in hobbyist offerings such as The Hobstarand The Bagpiper. In early spring, you can regrow the tuber in the same soil or, if it's been in its pot for a few seasons, repot it into new potting soil. Watering: Fairly drought tolerant, but do best in consistently moist soil. Both hardy begonias (Begonia evansiana, hardy USDA zones 6 to 12) and tuberous begonias (Begonia x tuberhybrida, hardy in USDA zones 9 to 11) have delicate, green leaves that are easily damaged in direct sunlight. With an electronics degree and more than 10 years of experience, she applies her love of gadgets to the gardening world as she continues her education through college classes and gardening activities. Growing Requirements for Rex Begonia Plants Rex Begonias grow best in bright, indirect sunlight coming from an east or west window. For best flowering, repeat fertilizing monthly during the growing season. These plants are grown almost exclusively … Soil Rex Begonia light, location & temperature Light. Light hitting the surface of leaves on different angles gives a specific bluish tint. Depending on the variety, they can be grown in full sun to shade, Although they tolerate some shade, bright filtered light is ideal. Enjoying continuous blooms from late spring to frost, Begonia 'Dragon Wing' typically forms bushy mounds up to 12-18 in. Bronze-leaf wax begonias (Begonia x semperflorens-cultorum) are one of the few cultivars that prefer full sunlight. Tuberous begonia roots are, obviously, tubers. Show larger version of the image Hardy Begonia The heavily veined underside of a Begonia grandis leaf in the Woodland Shade Garden on Washington Ave. Photo by Dave Allen. Watering. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Cornell University: Tuberous Begonia (Upright Cultivars), Missouri Botanical Garden: Begonia (Tuberosa Group), White Flower Farm: Growing Guide Begonia (Tuberous Begonias). Provide good air circulation and protect your Begonia … Once inside, keep the soil moist, provide humidity with a pebble tray and place in bright filtered light. Light Requirements: Begonias are classic shade-lovers that are only reliable perennials in zones 9 and 10. Plants require this energy in order to grow, bloom and produce seed. Very early morning sun or bright indirect light … Their intricate leaves do not need a full sunlight position for optimal photosynthesis. Place the plant where it gets partial shade, such as dappled sun for a few morning hours, followed by shade for the rest of the day. Without adequate light, carbohydrates cannot be manufactured, the energy reserves are depleted and plants die. Joanne Marie began writing professionally in 1981. Show larger version of the image Hardy Begonia Begonia grandis (hardy begonia) foliage glowing in the sun. Irmsch. With this plant, it’s better to opt for a soil-less mix that should be light and airy. As bedding plants, … Especially for tuberous begonias, wet soil that does not drain effectively can lead to root rot and die back. If you are looking for a begonia to fit a specific need, you can probably find one that will do the trick. Marie is a certified master gardener and has a Ph.D. in anatomy from Temple University School of Medicine. They also grow well indoors under grow lights. If grown indoors, it thrives under fluorescent light. They should be planted in rich, well-drained garden soil that has been prepared by adding generous amounts of compost or other organic matter to help retain moisture. Light is one of the most important factors for growing houseplants. When growing begonias, sun exposure requirements may cause confusion or accidental damage because different species thrive in varying levels of light or shade with some more tolerant than others. Avoid placing the plant where direct sun can fall on its leaves, because this can cause leaf scorch, leading to dry, brown leaf edges and slow growth. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Growing Requirements for Wax Begonia Plants Wax Begonias are only hardy in USDA zones 9-11, elsewhere they are grown as annual plants or indoors. Standard fluorescent lighting works well, or you can get good results by using one cool white bulb and one bulb labeled for use with plants in a two-bulb fixture. When potting, set the plant with the crown slightly above the soil line. Photo by Blanca Begert. If your summers tend to be cool, you can move a tuberous begonia houseplant outdoors for the summer if you choose the right spot. When the variation in container sizes (six-packs to hanging baskets) and flowering requirements (light intensity, day length, etc.) Determine which begonia you are planting or research different species and requirements to make an appropriate selection for your home gardening space. Begonia boliviensis is a tuberous Begoniawith small, orange-red flowers. Protect the plant from strong winds that could damage its fragile blossoms, but ensure it gets good air circulation to prevent fungal growth. In cooler areas, begonias can tolerate more sun than in hot climates. There are hundreds of cultivars of B. rex to choose among, usually classified by leaf size—small (three inches or less), medium (three to six inches), or large (more than six inches). The fact that begonias like shade outdoors makes them ideal for growing inside. How to Keep Alive a Lovely Indoor Mini Cyclamen. The plant requires partial to bright, indirect light. Sometimes called painted-leaf begonias or fancy-leaf begonias, these plants are known for their showy, sometimes jaw-dropping leaf coloration. These bushy plants commonly require partial shade, but specific varieties prefer full sunlight. Water Requirements This group of warm-loving plants was originally found in the forest understory in tropical and subtropical areas. They require shade and regular feeding, so most people grow them in patio pots, window boxes, or other places where you can tend them carefully. Some newer varieties can tolerate direct sun, especially if it's morning sun. Indoors place them near a window that gets bright filtered light. Show larger version of the image Hardy Begonia Begonia grandis (hardy begonia) in Bluebell Woods. Telecom Audit Group; About Us; FAQ; Testimonials; Contact Us; (706) 443-4424 Keep them in a spot that receives bright, indirect light or under fluorescent lights (more info here). Light Requirements Painted leaf begonias are high to medium light plants, so aim for bright indirect light all year round. You can pick a west or east-facing window but avoid south-facing windows if the weather gets particularly hot in your area. They are not as sensitive to direct light as rex begonias, but cannot handle the direct sunlight of a wax begonia. Divide in spring for more outdoor begonia plants. If you aren’t sure what kind of begonia you have, check out our article on How To Grow … Begonia show obvious signs of stress if the daily sunlight amount becomes too intense. Some varieties can tolerate several hours of full sun per day. The specie does excellent in the artificial source of light as well. Telecom Audit Group. They're also perfectly happy in the ground in shady areas as long as the soil is rich and well-watered. Sandy loam soil can be added if the begonia lives in a large garden bed outside. Once the flowering begins, ample light is necessary for the plant. Do Black-Eyed Susans Come Up From the Roots Each Year? Outdoor garden spaces that have a heavy clay soil aren't ideal for begonias so use a raised bed filled with lush topsoil and compost to keep the plant in good spirits. Cuttings may be propagated for additional plants. Water once the top inch of soil feels dry. Tuberous begonia. If this is the case, place them in low light areas. Temperature: Average to warm (and humid). Learn how to grow big healthy Begonia maculata. Early morning sun in an east facing window works well. Bright indirect light works best, though. To over-winter the plant, remove the dry stems and leaves and withhold water, storing it in a cool indoor spot, such as a closet or basement. The flowers, produced in pairs or threes on short stems in the angles of the obliquely lanceolate leaves, are composed of 4 pointed segments. tall and across (30-45 cm). Locate the angel win begonia houseplant in bright indirect light, in moderate temperatures. Choosing the right soil is one of the most important as far as your begonia erytheophylla is concerned. One of the great characteristics of the beefsteak Begonia is that it’s not fussy at all when it comes to lighting. The best place for a potted polka dot begonia indoors is on an east- … Once growth is 1 to 2 inches tall, fertilize the plant with a balanced, 20-20-20 formula diluted at a rate of 1/4 teaspoon per 1 gallon of water, but check the package for any additional directions. African Violet potting soils premixes tend to … Rex Begonias are not too fussy when it comes to light, though they don’t appreciate direct sun. The best place for the Begonia Thelmae plant is a north-facing window. Angel Wing Begonias produce beautiful flowers in a range of colors from white, pink, orange, and red, but they also require plenty of water and warm temperatures. The tuberous begonia does need some light, so if you don't have a suitable place near a window, you can place the plant under artificial lights. Plants For A Future: Begonia Grandis Evansiana - (Andrews.) encompasses several different varieties that grow between 8 and 24 inches tall. A Green Pepper Plant's Leaves Are Shriveling, Lighting Needs for Growing California Bell Peppers, University of Florida IFAS Cooperative Extension Service: Begonia X Semperflorens-Cultorum, Today's Homeowner with Danny Lipford: How To Grow Different Varieties of Begonias, Missouri Botanical Garden: Begonia (Semperflorens Cultorum Group). The partial shade locations preferred by the begonia majority allow the plants to have some shelter from drying soil and heat. However, do not waterlog the begonia roots with excessive irrigation. All plants require light for photosynthesis, the process within a plant that converts light, oxygen and water into carbohydrates (energy). As well, bulbs, carnivorous plants and orchids at home do Susans... It ’ s better to opt for a Future: begonia rex are some the..., rich, moist and well-drained soils a wax begonia include stunted growth and wilting soil can be in. 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